This tree reflects the classification of the Indo-European languages according to the data from www.eLinguistics.net. After having gathered feedbacks from the linguist community over the past three years, the basis data of eLinguistics.net has improved. The particular challenge in this tree is to estimate dates of separations of language families. Basis data are 7000+ IE pairwise comparisons. . linguisticsbunker: The Indo-European language family one of the largest (in terms of number of languages, population of speakers, and area covered) and most diverse in the world. Today, I'm going to attempt to give an overview of the Indo-European family tree. First, a quick introduction to Indo-European. Partial tree of Indo-European languages. Branches are in order of first attestation; those to the left are Centum, those to the right are Satem. Languages in red are extinct. White labels indicate categories / un-attested proto-languages. Remove Ads Advertisement. License. Based on Wikipedia content that has been reviewed, edited, and republished. Original image by Multiple authors. Uploaded.
The Indo-European (IE) Languages are divided into families, which are traditional groupings of the languages for which IE Texts survive. The Indo-European Family Tree is divided into twelve branches, ten of which contain existing languages, while two branches are now extinct. Two of the living branches, the Italic and the Germanic, have become world wide languages spoken over a vast area of the Earth Branches of Indo-European Languages. The Indo-European languages have a large number of branches: Anatolian, Indo-Iranian, Greek, Italic, Celtic, Germanic, Armenian, Tocharian, Balto-Slavic and Albanian. Remove Ads Dieser Kurgan-Hypothese zufolge lebten die Indogermanen im 5. vorchristlichen Jahrtausend als kriegerisches Hirtenvolk in Südrussland. Sie domestizierten das Pferd (Sredny-Stog-Kultur um 4000 v. Chr.), gegen 3500 v. Chr. erfanden oder übernahmen sie das Fuhrwerk (Wörter für Rad, Achse, Deichsel, Geschirr, Nabe stehen dafür), und betrieben Vieh- und Weidewirtschaft mit Schafen und Rindern The term Indo-Hittite is used by scholars who believe that Hittite and the other Anatolian languages are not just one branch of Indo-European but rather a branch coordinate with all the rest put together; thus, Indo-Hittite has been used for a family consisting of Indo-European proper plus Anatolian. As long as this view is neither definitively proved nor disproved, it is convenient to keep the traditional use of the term Indo-European . Indo-European is a family of languages (including most of the languages spoken in Europe, India, and Iran) descended from a common tongue spoken in the third millennium B.C. by an agricultural people originating in southeastern Europe. The family of languages is the second-oldest in the world, only behind the Afroasiatic family (which includes the languages of ancient Egypt and.
Proto-Indo-European mythology is the body of myths and deities associated with the Proto-Indo-Europeans, the hypothetical speakers of the reconstructed Proto-Indo-European language.Although the mythological motifs are not directly attested - since Proto-Indo-European speakers lived in prehistoric societies - scholars of comparative mythology have reconstructed details from inherited. Family Tree of the Indo-European Languages Looking for a Homeland. The first thing scholars needed to find out, was the nature of the original homeland. They did so by looking at the shared vocabulary of the Indo-European languages. Those languages had similar words for the same trees and animals, allowing scholars to say something about the homelands' flora and fauna. There must have been bears, otters, vultures, cranes, salmons, beavers, oaks, junipers, apples. Most of these are of.
Indo-European is a family of languages that first spread throughout Europe and many parts of South Asia, and later to every corner of the globe as a result of colonization. The term Indo-European is essentially geographical since it refers to the easternmost extension of the family from the Indian subcontinent to its westernmost reach in Europe. The family includes most of the languages o Partial tree of Indo-European languages. Branches are in order of first attestation; those to the left are Centum , those to the right are Satem . Languages in red are extinct or dead Indo-European studies is a field of linguistics and an interdisciplinary field of study dealing with Indo-European languages, both current and extinct. The goal of those engaged in these studies is to amass information about the hypothetical proto-language from which all of these languages are descended, a language dubbed Proto-Indo-European (PIE), and its speakers, the Proto-Indo-Europeans. The Indo-European languages are the world's most spoken language family.. Linguists believe they all come from a single language, Proto-Indo-European, which was originally spoken somewhere in Eurasia.They are now spoken all over the world. The Indo-European languages are a family of several hundred related languages and dialects, including most major languages in Europe, the Iranian plateau.
The Indo-European languages belong to one of the widest spread language families of the world. But controversy remains about the time and place of the origins of the family. A large international team, including researcher Michael Dunn from the Max Planck Institute for Psycholinguistics reports the results of an innovative Bayesian phylogeographic analysis of Indo-European and spatial data Proto-Indo-European: ·tree··^ Ringe, Donald (2006) From Proto-Indo-European to Proto-Germanic (A Linguistic History of English; 1), Oxford: Oxford University Press, →ISBN ^ Kloekhorst, Alwin (2008), tāru-, in Etymological Dictionary of the Hittite Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 5), Leiden. Indo-European languages - Indo-European languages - Establishment of the family: The chief reason for grouping the Indo-European languages together is that they share a number of items of basic vocabulary, including grammatical affixes, whose shapes in the different languages can be related to one another by statable phonetic rules. Especially important are the shared patterns of alternation.
Benjamin W. Fortson IV: Indo-European Language and Culture. An Introduction. 2. Auflage. Wiley-Blackwell, Malden, MA / Chichester 2010 (1. Auflage 2004), ISBN 978-1-4051-8896-8. Ernst Kausen: Die indogermanischen Sprachen. Von der Vorgeschichte bis zur Gegenwart. Helmut Buske Verlag, Hamburg 2012, ISBN 978-3-87548-612-4. Michael Meier-Brügger: Indogermanische Sprachwissenschaft. Walter de. This video is about the Indo-European languages and the connections between them, going all the way back to Proto-Indo-European. Check out Langfocus on Patre.. Matasovic also provides a prayer, that has been found in the Italic and Indo-Aryan branches of the Indo-European family tree, and thus could have been in use by some parts of the PIE-population: A particular formula associated with IE prayers is 'protect men and livestock', PIE *wiHro- *pek'u- peh2-, reflected as Umbrian ueiro pequo salua seritu, Lat. pastores pecuaque salua. The perfect book for an introductory Indo-European course, lively and engaging throughout, yet detailed, accurate, and authoritative. The hands-on exercises at the end of each chapter are a unique and valuable feature.-Jay Jasanoff, Harvard University This is an excellent introduction to Proto-Indo-European and its study. Both the chapters on various aspects of PIE grammar and those. Most educated people have at least a rough idea, what 'Indo-European' (IE) languages are: The many languages spoken between the Northwest of Europe to the East of the Indian subcontinent (historically even to Xinjiang in the Northwest of China), which are combined by their common inherited amount of lexemes (e.g. the system of counting or pronouns) as well as the grammar
Carlos Quiles Altaic, Demic diffusion, Finno-Permic, Indo-Iranian, North-West Indo-European, Population Genomics, Proto-Indo-European, Turkic, Uralic 23 Comments February 23, 2020 August 26, 2020. Visualizing phylogenetic trees of ancient DNA in a map . Yesterday the Eaton Lab at Columbia University announced on Twitter a nifty little tool by Carlos Alonso Maya-Lastra called TreeToM, which. The Indo-European Family Tree. This language family consists of about 445 (source: Wikipedia) living languages and a substantial amount of dead ones, which are no longer spoken today. These 445 languages form subgroups, whose names may sound familiar to some. The subgroups are: Romance, Germanic, Slavic, Baltic, Celtic, Iranian, Indo-Aryan, Albanian, Armenian and Greek. Among the dead branches.
Given that the true Indo-European tree is not known, evaluation of phylogenetic methods is challenging (Nichols & Warnow 2008: 760). Since there is no debate among Indo-Europeanists about the members of clades such as Slavic, Celtic, and Germanic, below I use correct assignment of languages to recognized clades as the baseline evaluation measure. 5.3 Maximum clade credibility tree. We can. One third of the vocabulary of the Germanic languages is not of Indo-European origin. The stress of words is primarily on the first syllable, and several vowel shifts separate the Germanic languages from other Indo-European languages. Originally, there were three numbers (singular, plural, dual), three genders (masculine, feminine, neuter), and four noun cases (nominative, accusative, dative. Indo-European Family Tree. Membership of these languages in the Indo-European language family is determined by genetic relationships, meaning that all members are presumed descendants of a common ancestor, Proto-Indo-European. (The word genetic here has nothing to do with biological genetics; it refers to relationships between languages.) Membership in the various branches, groups and. Indo-European is the largest and best-documented language family in the world, yet the reconstruction of the Indo-European tree, first proposed in 1863, has remained controversial. Complications may include ascertainment bias when choosing the linguistic data, and disregard for the wave model of 1872 when attempting to reconstruct the tree. Essentially analogous problems were solved in evolutionary genetics by DNA sequencing and phylogenetic network methods, respectively. We now adapt these. https://www.britannica.com/topic/English-languagehttps://www.ancient.eu/image/1028/indo-european-language-family-tree/https://www.britannica.com/topic/Indo-E..
The tree illustrates the Indo-European and Uralic languages which as far as we know are unrelated to the languages of Africa. Just like all modern humans are related in some way, so all languages are probably related, but just how Indo-European and Uralic are related to any of the languages of Africa is as yet poorly understood. I have never met a historical linguist who thought Africans were. This is why we anthropologists call Caucasian people Indo-European. All Indo-Europeans are 'so called' White people, even those living in India and Pakistan. They are just highly tanned, that's all. We still haven't officially nailed down what caused this migration all over Europe and the Middle East, but it appears that the sudden and Catastrophic flooding of the Black Sea, around 5,600BC, was the cause of this diasporia. And the flooding happened because the melting ice from the last. The Indo-European languages are the world's most spoken language family. Linguists believe they all come from a single language, Proto-Indo-European, which was originally spoken somewhere in Eurasia. They are now spoken all over the world. The Indo-European languages are a family of several hundred related languages and dialects, including most major languages in Europe, the Iranian plateau, and South Asia. Historically, the language family was also important in Anatolia and Central Asia. The e
Proto-Indo-European religion is the hypothesized religion of the Proto-Indo-European (PIE) peoples based on the existence of similarities among the deities, religious practices and mythologies of the Indo-European peoples.Reconstruction of the hypotheses below is based on linguistic evidence using the comparative method.Archaeological evidence is difficult to match to any specific culture in. Mar 22, 2020 - Explore Robert Amsler's board Indo-European Languages, followed by 128 people on Pinterest. See more ideas about european languages, language tree, language families
The Indo-European Family Tree is divided into twelve branches, ten of which contain existing languages, while two branches are now extinct. Two of the living branches, the Italic and the Germanic, have become world wide languages spoken over a vast area of the Earth. The progression in the list below is from West to East. 1. Celtic, with languages spoken in the British Isles, in Spain and. 32 thoughts on Episode 3: The Indo-European Family Tree Lolke Stelwagen. October 17, 2017 at 4:06 am The latest insights with regards to the Frisians are that the entire area got de-populated starting 275 AD. They joined the Franks. There is evidence to that provided by W.J.de Boone in 1954 in his book The Franks from their first appearance till the death of Childerik. In a new. The genealogical tree of the Indo-European languages suggests that the differences between them intensify over time. This can be expressed in such a way that the distance between them increases, which is measured as the length of the branches or arrows of the tree. Branches of the Indo-European family . The genealogical tree of Indo-European languages has many branches. It distinguishes both. Language family: Just like how we have family trees in which we can trace back our ancestors, languages have family trees as well. Based on shared grammatical features and similarities in words it can be deducted which language are related, and when those ancestral languages would have split off. Indo-European is the language family to which nearly all European languages and various Asian. Die indogermanischen oder indoeuropäischen Sprachen bilden die heute sprecherreichste Sprachfamilie der Welt mit etwa drei Milliarden Muttersprachlern.Die Bezeichnung indogermanisch kann missverständlich sein; sie soll nur die Grenzen des ursprünglichen Verbreitungsgebiets abstecken - tatsächlich sind aber die meisten indogermanischen Sprachen weder germanisch noch indisch
Jones's observation became the theory of Indo-European languages, and today the hypothetical language that would be the common source for all Indo-European languages is called Proto-Indo-European [ note ]. The following table shows a genealogy for two knowing roots, which in modern English turn up as know and wit Indo-European (Includes English) Sino-Tibetan (Includes Chinese) Afro-Asiatic (Includes Arabic) Indo-European is the largest language family, followed by Sino-Tibetan, and lastly Afro-Asiatic. The Language Tree below shows languages that come from the same origin. (sorry about the quality. I've relabelled some popular languages) The numbers on the tree below are in millions of native. 'The tree describes the passage from unity to diversity: one tree, with many branches: from Indo-European, to dozens of different languages.' 1.1 The Indo-European family of languages. 'English is shown within a partial family tree of Indo-European.' More example sentences 'Pashtu belongs to the North-Eastern group of languages within the Iranian branch of Indo-European.
Maps of Indo-European and Uralic migrations. Even the highest quality ones are smaller images than the originals, and they are compressed as JPEG. If you would like bigger and/or higher quality versions, a different content (with changes, omissions and/or additions), or different file formats (e.g. SVG), please write me at [email protected] I really like to work with maps, and if the project. Both the timing and the root of the tree of Indo-European languages fit with an agricultural expansion from Anatolia beginning 8,000 to 9,500 years ago, they report. But despite its advanced.
Keywords: indo-european, russell gray, quentin atkinson, language evolution, phylogenetics, Abstract: In this chapter, we outline how techniques derived from evolutionary biology can be adapted to test between competing hypotheses about the age of the Indo-European language family. We argue that these techniques are a useful supplement to. Indo-European Perennial Metaphysics. 2,694 likes · 21 talking about this. Just For Fu The Indo-European language family tree (from Anthropology.net , originally from Scientific American, March 1990) Sometime between 3500 BC and 2500 BC , the Indo-Europeans began to fan out across Europe and Asia, in search of new pastures and hunting grounds, and their languages developed - and diverged - in isolation Reconstructing Proto-Indo-European Mythology. If we are to reconstruct Proto-Indo-European Religion, we are more likely to encounter a complex system of myths and legends, gods, and goddesses, with varying degrees of importance depending on location, time, necessity and the social standing of the worshipers, as is the case in Hinduism.. Deities of fertility may have played a bigger role in.
occurred in 1863, when Schleicher proposed an evolutionary tree of descent for the Indo-European language family (2), shortly after Charles Darwin had introduced the evolutionary tree concept to the descent of species. Further insight into language evolution was supplied by Schmidt in 1872 (3), who published the wave model according to which initially distinct languages increasingly acquire. Proto-Indo-European Trees. The Arborial System of a Prehistoric People. Chicago: University of Chicago Press. Friedrich, Paul 1975. Proto-Indo-European Syntax: The Order of the Meaningful Elements. Journal of Indo-European Studies Monograph Series 1. Butte, Montana: Journal of Indo-European Studies. Fritz, Matthias 2000. 'Der urindogermanische Dual - eine Klasse für sich?', in Ofitsch. The Indo-European family The proto-language of Indo-European probably originated in the area of present-day Ukraine / Southern Russia and was spoken up until about 3000 BC. From this area the speakers of this language spread out in various directions, eventually yielding separate dialects, the inputs to major subdivisions of the Indo-European family Proto-Indo-European Trees: The Arboreal System of a Prehistoric People Hardcover - October 1, 1970 by Paul Friedrich (Author) › Visit Amazon's Paul Friedrich Page. Find all the books, read about the author, and more. See search results for this author. Are you an author? Learn about Author Central. Paul Friedrich (Author) 5.0 out of 5 stars 1 rating. See all formats and editions Hide other.
An indispensable reference for language learners within the Indo-European language family, as well as for any who love words and want to deepen their understanding of English, or any of these other languages. This dictionary records words from 32 languages, covering eight of the nine living branches of the Indo-European language 'tree' Reconstructing culture based on a reconstructed language.Click here for the next video:http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ltYnG-V18DkThe pictures for this video. Maximum clade credibility tree for the 103 Indo-European languages in our sample. www.mpg.de. Bild vergrößern. Der Maximum-Clade-Credibility ( MCC ) -Baum ( Bayes-Analyse ) für die 103 indogermanischen ( indoeuropäischen) Sprachen de [ mehr ] www.mpg.de. The two largest minorities are Poles, who account for just over 6 % of the population, and Russians, who make up just over 5 %. The. Our results showed that 23% of mtDNA lineages with west Eurasian origin arose in situ in northern Pakistan since ~5000 years ago (kya), a time depth very close to the documented Indo-European.
Mallory homeland in search of the indo europeans (pdf) origins europeans: genetic evidence on identity european substrate a grammar modern proto an god gudea inscription danie .
Indo-European is the largest and best-documented language family in the world, yet the reconstruction of the Indo-European tree, first proposed in 1863, has remained controversial. Complications may include ascertainment bias when choosing the linguistic data, and disregard for the wave model of 1872 when attempting to reconstruct the tree. Essentially analogous problems were solved in. Die Anatolien-Hypothese postuliert den Kulturtransfer, vor allem für Sprachen, Ackerbau und Viehhaltung, nach Europa durch Migration aus Anatolien.Im engeren Sinne wird darunter die Ausbreitung einer indogermanischen Ursprache von Anatolien nach Europa in Verbindung mit der Jungsteinzeitlichen Revolution gesehen. Sie wurde in den späten 1980er Jahren vom britischen Archäologen Lord Colin. The Indo-European languages are a widely distributed family of languages, By doing this, linguists hope to establish the cladistics of the tree of descent of the current languages from the proto-language, much like biologists reconstruct the family tree of species. The take-home point in all of this is that establishing a relationship between two languages is a bit more complicated than. 'Jones identified the connections between Sanskrit and Latin and Greek, and first proposed that they all derived from a single language, Indo-European.' 'The tree describes the passage from unity to diversity: one tree, with many branches: from Indo-European, to dozens of different languages. occurred in 1863, when Schleicher proposed an evolutionary tree of descent for the Indo-European language family (2), shortly after Charles Darwin had introduced the evolutionary tree concept to the descent of species. Further insight into language evolution was supplied by Schmidt in 1872 (3), who published the wave mode
The Norwegian Assyriologist Jørgen Alexander Knudtzon recognized Hittite as Indo-European on the basis of two letters found in Egypt (translated in Die zwei Arzawa-briefe [1902; The Two Arzawa Letters]), but his views were not generally accepted until 1915, when Bedřich Hrozný published the first report of his own decipherment of the much more copious material that had meanwhile been found in the ruins of the Hittite capital itself The Romance languages (French, Spanish, Portugese, Italian, and Romanian) originated from Latin branch of the Proto-Indo-European tree. s. Log in for more information. Question. Asked 12/8/2015 1:01:31 PM. Updated 11/9/2016 4:32:56 AM. 1 Answer/Comment. Get an answer. Search for an answer or ask Weegy. New answers. Rating. 5. Totoro. The Romance languages (French, Spanish, Portugese, Italian. Der Begriff Indogermanische oder Indoeuropäische Religion wurde kurz nach Entdeckung der indogermanischen Sprachfamilie geprägt, als eine sprachlich und sachlich recht enge Verwandtschaft zwischen lateinisch Jupiter/Diēspiter, griechisch Zeus pater und altindisch Dyaus Pita offenkundig wurde. Jedoch konnte daraus - trotz zahlreicher Versuche und Überlegungen, teilweise mittels falscher.
Download the Indo-european languages tree (in French) Italic Languages. Osco-Umbrian (extinct branch) Romance Languages (Latin) Gallo-Romance. Standard French and Langues d'Oïl • Standard French • Picard, Gallo, Normand, Burgundian, Poitou-saintongeais, Lorraine, Wallon, Franc-Comtois Occitan or Langue d'Oc • Languedocian, Provencal • Limousin, Auvergne, Vivaro. One proposed diffusion map (among many)-- this one is from The Early History of the Indo-European Languages, by Thomas V. Gamkrelidze and V. V. Ivanov (Scientific American, March 1990:110 Indo-European languages appear to have originated around 7,800 to 9,800 years ago in Turkey. Languages as diverse as English, Russian and Hindi can trace their roots back more than 8,000 years to. Understanding the early spread of Indo-European languages was the focus of a study by the Australian Centre for Ancient DNA in partnership with Harvard Medical School, the results of which were recently published in the journal Nature. To accomplish this, Genome-scale data from more than 90 ancient skeletons found around Europe, ranging from 3000 to 8000 years old was used. The results of the.
eLinguistics.net will publish step by step timeline maps of the evolution of languages. As a first beta edition you can see the timeline for the Indo-European languages as well as Altaic and Uralic languages, as designed on the basis of the eLinguistics data Indo-European roots (e)su-(s)keu-(s)mer-(s)nāu-(s)nē-(s)neəu-(s)pen-(s)teg-(s)tenə-ad-ag-agh-agro-aik-aim-ais-aiw-ak-akʷ-ā-al-albho-alu-ambhi; an-anə-angh-ansu-ant-apo-ar-arg-as-at-āter-au-aug-aus-awi-awo-ayer-ayes-bak-bel-bhā-bha-bhā-bhad-bhag-bhāghu-bhāgo-bhardh-ā-bhares-bhau-bhegʷ-bhei-bheid-bheidh-bhel-bhelgh- bhendh-bher-bherəg-bhergh-bhes-bheudh-bheuə-bheug-bhlē-bhleu-b . 1. Inferred geographic origin of the Indo-European language family. (A) Map showing the estimated posterior distribution for the location of the root of the Indo-European language tree under the RRW analysis.Markov chain Monte Carlo (MCMC) sampled locations are plotted in translucent red such that darker areas correspond to increased probability mass
Indo-European and the Indo-Europeans 8/29/07 1 Proto-Indo-European or Indo-Hittite P Such crossovers create difficulties for the family tree model, as discussed recently by Labov (2007). Indo-European and the Indo-Europeans 4 2 Proto-Indo-European Phonological System The main catalogue of information about the PIE phonological system is Mayrhofer (1986). Recent synopses in English are now. . At some time in the distant past, the original Indo-European speakers migrated westward and eastward from a location north of the Middle East. We can trace those migrations by looking at vocabulary in each language, and gradually seeing the sound changes that took place over time as the tribes drifted further apart. The Indo-European.
License. Original image by Hayden120.Uploaded by Cristian Violatti, published on 05 May 2014 under the following license: Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike.This license lets others remix, tweak, and build upon this content non-commercially, as long as they credit the author and license their new creations under the identical terms Language trees for the language lovers! I (Naturally most tiny languages didn't make it on the graph, aww. There's literally hundreds of them in the Indo-European family alone and I could only fit so many on this page, so most sub-1 mil. speaker languages that don't have official status somewhere got the cut.) Well, it's the end of this set of info pages and we'll return to the company of. 2. Trees and the Representation of Genetic Relationship in Indo-European. An appropriate place to begin this analysis of recent computer-generated cladistic models is with the preliminary study by Taylor et al. (2000), which establishes the basic tenets of tree construction: for each group, specific features (characters)—phonological, morphological, or lexical 5 —are coded and. SVG Classification Tree; RDF serialized as turtle; Family: Classical Indo-European. Classification open Classical Indo-European; expand all; collapse all; Comments on subclassification. Don Ringe 2017 James Clackson 2007 Kloekhorst, Alwin and Pronk, Tijmen 2019. Glottocode: clas1257; show big map. References ⇫ This family has more than 500 languages. Please select an appropriate sub-family. Proto-Indo-European is a reconstructed language. Its words and roots are not directly attested in any written works, but have been reconstructed through the comparative method, which finds regular similarities between languages that cannot be explained by coincidence or word-borrowing, and extrapolates ancient forms from these similarities
The Indo-European language is a family of 445 languages related dialects and languages, with a majority belonging to modern languages of Europe, Iran, and Asia. Even the Indo-European names are as varied as the languages Proto-Indo-European religion is the hypothesized religion of the Proto-Indo-European (PIE) peoples based on the existence of similarities among the deities, religious practices and mythologies of the Indo-European peoples. Reconstruction of the hypotheses below is based on linguistic evidence using the comparative method. Archaeological evidence is difficult to match to any specific culture in. Proto-Indo- European+ *oynos / *sem *duwo: *treyes *kwetwores *penkwe *sweks *septm *okto: *newn *dekm: Germanic: Old Germanic+ *ainaz *twai *thrijiz *fithwor *fimf SNP Tracker loads the full Y and mt trees in the background. Furthermore, Paleolithic to Bronze Age paths are largely determined by hand-curated SNPs that are pegged to specific locations, avoiding thus the usual distortions of any algorithm blindly applied to the data. To validate these pegged locations, Rob has analysed DNA data from ancient sites here relative to specific SNPs.
New research suggests herders north of the Black Sea were early speakers of Proto-Indo-European, the ancient tongue that gave rise to hundreds of languages, including Englis The Indo-European Family was originally thought to have originated in the forests north of the Black Sea (in what is now Ukraine) during the Neoloithic period (about 7000BC). Modern research appears to indicate an origin in Anatolia (Modern Turkey). Either way, the people bagan to migrate between 3500BC and 2500BC, spreading west to Europe, south to the Mediterranian, north to Scandinavia, and. An indispensable reference for language learners within the Indo-European language family, as well as for any who love words and want to deepen their understanding of English, or any of these other languages. This dictionary records words from 32 languages, covering eight of the nine living branches of the Indo-European language 'tree'. These languages are English, Old English, Frisian.